In 2015, the weather phenomenon El Niño brought a serious drought to large parts of Africa, including Ethiopia. According to the Ethiopian government, 10 million people were dependent on food aid in 2016. There is every chance that such crises may lead to other social problems and have a negative effect on women and girls in particular. For this reason, Oxfam commissioned a study on gender and emergency situations affecting states. Results showed that while men, women, girls, and boys are all affected by drought, the impact tends to vary. The group most affected by malnutrition in Ethiopia includes pregnant women, breastfeeding women, children, and the elderly in particular. Children are not able to eat as much while women are more severely affected than men. This can be traced back to social structures, as even pregnant women are at a disadvantage to men when it comes to distributing food in the household. To counteract these disadvantages, the study recommends that humanitarian aid bears this inequality in mind and distributes gender-specific goods such as baby food or supplements specifically for pregnant women, the elderly, or female households.